Neuroscience (neurobiology)

Neuroscience (or neurobiology) is the study of the nervous system, including anatomy, physiology and emergent proprieties.

  • Cellular neuroscience – study of neurons at a cellular level.
  • Cognitive neuroscience – study of biological substrates underlying cognition, with a focus on the neural substrates of mental processes.
  • Computational neuroscience – study of the information processing functions of the nervous system, and the use of digital computers to study the nervous system.
  • Developmental neuroscience – study of the cellular basis of brain development and addresses the underlying mechanisms.
  • Molecular neuroscience – studies the biology of the nervous system with molecular biology, molecular genetics, protein chemistry and related methodologies.
  • Neuroanatomy – study of the anatomy of nervous tissue and neural structures of the nervous system.
  • Neuroendocrinology – studies the interaction between the nervous system and the endocrine system, that is how the brain regulates the hormonal activity in the body.
  • Neuroethology – study of animal behavior and its underlying mechanistic control by the nervous system.
  • Neuroimmunology – study of the nervous system, and immunology, the study of the immune system.
  • Neuropharmacology – study of how drugs affect cellular function in the nervous system.
  • Neurophysiology – study of the function (as opposed to structure) of the nervous system.
  • Neuropsychology – studies the structure and function of the brain related to psychological processes and behaviors. The term is used most frequently with reference to studies of the effects of brain damage in humans and animals.
  • Systems neuroscience – studies the function of neural circuits and systems. It is an umbrella term, encompassing a number of areas of study concerned with how nerve cells behave when connected together to form neural networks.