Microbial mat

Microbial mats are horizontally stratified microbial communities, exhibiting a structure defined by physiochemical gradients, which models microbial diversity, physiological activities, and their dynamics as a whole system.

These ecosystems are commonly associated with aquatic habitats, including hot springs, hypersaline ponds, and intertidal coastal zones and oligotrophic environments, all of them harbor phototrophic mats and other environments such as acidic hot springs or acid mine drainage harbor non-photosynthetic mats.


  1. Microbial mat ecosystems: Structure types, functional diversity, and biotechnological application. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejbt.2017.11.001