In economics, consumption refers to the use of goods and services by individuals, businesses or the government (consumer) involving their material possession or figurative destruction (in the case of services).

In economics, consumption or demand represents a macroeconomic variable of great importance because it is related to the other macroeconomic quantities and can determine, as one of the root causes from below, the trends of growth, stagnation or recession within the economic system.

Consumption and production tend to equilibrium in response to the balance between supply and demand. In particular, always at the macroeconomic level, a distinction can be made between internal consumption within the nation and external consumption, or the share of production going to exports.


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