Comparative history

Comparative history presents itself as a discipline that, by analyzing similarities and differences between two or more historical phenomena, seeks to give, with respect to specific issues, general descriptions, explanations and interpretations of historical facts and processes.

With the emergence of the comparative method, autonomous disciplines such as comparative anatomy, comparative law, comparative literature, and comparative linguistics have been established, while for other fields of knowledge there is doubt as to whether this can be done: for example, for history, which, characterized according to some historicist theories by the absolute novelty and unrepeatability of its constituent phenomena, does not allow for any similar comparisons.

If, on the other hand, it is believed that history, too, can take on scientific characteristics as some claim, then the comparative method can be usefully applied to it in order to derive from the similarity of the historical phenomena being compared a regularity that is expressed in laws of a general nature.

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