Biotechnology (from the Greek βίος, bìos = “life“, τέχνη, téchne = “art“, in the sense of “expertise“, “knowing how to do“, “knowing how to operate“, and λόγος, lògos = “study“) is a new and sometimes controversial branch of biology concerning ’the use of living beings in order to obtain goods or useful services to satisfy the needs of society,’ but also the application and study of any technology developed or developable by the man to the field of biology.