A bee is an insect belonging to the superfamily Apoidea in the order Hymenoptera, and considered a clade called Anthophila; of which about 20,000 species are known, widespread in all continents of the world except Antarctica. Although the best known bee species live in huge cooperative societies, most of them are isolated and have different behaviors. Honey bees are one of the most important and famous types of bees.
The bee, emblem of industriousness, has been a symbolic insect in myths, legends, and religions since ancient times, certainly known since prehistoric times for its usefulness.
Bees derive their energy from the nectar they collect, while they get protein and other nutrients from the pollen. Most of the pollen collected by bees is directed to feeding larvae. Bees are natural pollinators of great importance both ecologically and commercially. Whereas, declining wild bee populations in some areas lead to increased use of pollination by commercially managed hives.
Humans have been practicing beekeeping for thousands of years, with the goal of obtaining their useful honey from ancient Egypt and ancient Greece and up to the present day. In this context, there are different types of honey bees depending on the nature of the region and the flowers on which the bees feed, such as Sidr and Kashmir honey.
Bee stings and products are among the common medicinal substances used in alternative medicine. In addition to honey, bees can obtain beeswax, royal jelly and propolis from bees. Bees are also part of the myths and folklore of humans at all stages of the development of art and literature from ancient times to the present day, although they are mainly concentrated in the northern hemisphere, where beekeeping is most common.