The antistrophe (from the Greek ἀντιστροφή, antí, “against,” and strophē, “turned of the chorus”), in Greek metrics, is the second part of the rhythmic system proper to Hellenic choral lyric poetry, which is called the Doric triad: it is the portion of an ode, sung by the chorus in a movement from west to east, as a response to the strophe, which is instead sung in the other direction. These two parts are, however, identical in their structure; the third part is the epode, which closes and unites the other two. The antistrophe is, in theory, a response and serves to provide a balance to the effects of the stanza.
In literature, the antistrophe, is a rhetorical element that involves the termination of parts of the same period with the same word, so it is an equal and opposite figure to the anaphora.
Antistrophe was not only used by the classics, but is also widely present in the biblical and evangelical tradition, such as in Saint Paul’s First Letter to the Corinthians.
In poetry, even modern poetry, the antistrophe can be traced in the refined lyrical style, which involves the repetition of the same word.